Read it in French: Ethnies Mongoles et Costumes Traditionnels
Mongolia has an important ethnic wealth, located at the crossroads of Russian, Türk, Mongolian and Chinese peoples.
There are some thirty different main ethnic groups: the Khalkha, the Mongols of the steppes, account for almost 80% of the population.
The Oïrat, Mongols of forests of mixed origin (Russian and Türk in particular), are subdivided into ethnic subgroups such as Bayats (1.9%), Dörvöt (2.7%), Zakhchin, Miangat, Ölöt, Torguts … 10% of the population speak Türk languages, such as Kazakhs (5.9%), Uriankhais and Tuvas, Tsataans and Khotons.
This richness is reflected in its own way of life and a singular culture.
The best known are the Kazakhs of the Altai of Muslim religion, eagles hunting wolves, Tsataans, reindeer herders living in tepees on the northern borders of Lake Khövsgöl, or even the Tuvas, a shaman ethnic group par excellence.