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+976 7011-5534 info@dmd-mongolie.com

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Kazakh Muslim

Read it in French: Kazakh Musulman

      

Kazakh: 14,480 million people, with 8.9 million in Kazakhstan, and 125,000 in Mongolia
Russian translation but Qazaq, from Kazakh, closer; phoneme [q] in place of [k], as in Arabic
Arabic alphabet, then Cyrillic, 42 letters
Divided into 3 juz (hordes), then tribes and clans; southern juz = average = Argyn: Kerey clan (100-110 people) west of Mongolia, in the Altai, since the second half of the 18th century
Also: even juz, Naiman clan (600,000 people), in eastern Kazakhstan; historical link with Mongolia
Juz junior, western Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, clan Kereit (30-35,000 people);historical link with Mongolia
Muslim Sunnite of rite hanafite
Prayer Religion Muslim Islam Pray Muslim Mosque

Hanafite: oldest of the 4 Sunni schools, fairly representative of non-Arabic-speaking Muslims
Main school of Islam since the time of the Umayyad dynasties (661-750)

Sunnism: the mainstream of Islam, 85 to 90% of Muslims; “Orthodox” vision of Islam
Sunna = line of conduct of Mohammed
The other two: Shiites, those who follow Ali, refusal of the first 3 caliphs = partisan group; the kharidjites = dissident, ibadite pacifists under Ali

Islam
5 pillars:
One God Allah and His Prophet Muhammad: the Shahada, a profession of faith
Prayer 5 times a day, salat
Charity, zakat
Fast one month, Ramadan
Hajj, a pilgrimage to Mecca once in his life

      6 pillars of the faith: Allah; Angels ; the scriptures (Koran); his prophets (Mohammed, hadiths); the beyond; predestination – “Mektoub”

Forbidden food: alcohol, blood and derivatives, meat of animals carnivores or omnivores like pig, monkey, dog, cat
Halal: killed by a Muslim by mentioning the name of Allah; carcass bleeding (NB kosher is considered halal)

Calendar: begins in the Hegira = emigration, 15/16 July 622 Christian era; departure of the companions of Mohammed from Mecca to Medina

Dress up decently
Although there is no specific dress code in the cities, women will feel more comfortable if they avoid wearing shorts or having shoulders uncovered. This is especially important for visiting churches and mosques.
Scarf in the holy places (NB rules?)
Watch out for cemeteries
In the spirit, no tobacco either
Men separated from women at night in the presence of others: relational discretion
Generally Mongolian team; rather observe the natives and / or its hosts, without hesitating to ask

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