As we discussed in the previous section, tourism, if well thought out, can be an opportunity for a country’s future. We will briefly discuss the importance of the tourism sector in Mongolia and the related policies, and then these major tourist interests of the country.
Some figures of Mongolian tourism
385,000 international tourists in 2006, for $ 228 million in receipts; since the opening of the country in 1990, there has been an increase in flows of 15-20% per year.
Today, and in the place of a single government agency, 100% of the production depends on the private sector (SMEs): more than 250 companies “invested” by 32 countries (of which 217 TO), 300 hotels 220 large yurt campsites …
There are more than 12,000 employees in the sector, including 214 “certified” interpreters.
The main emitters for the country are, once excluded the Chinese and the Russians came for commercial reasons (91.4% for the former, and 93% for the latter): 23.8% of Koreans; 11.3% Chinese; 10% Japanese; 7.8% of North Americans; 6.3 per cent of Germans; 4.5% French; 3.1% of Russians; and 33.2% spread over the rest of the world, mainly from Asian countries close geographically or from countries in Western Europe.
The average stay is 12 days, the average basket is $ 106 per person per day ($ 1272 per stay). International tourists who take advantage of package products are much more interesting than independent travelers, with an average shopping basket of $ 2,280 for the former, compared to $ 755 for the latter. The market consists almost entirely of tourists traveling in all inclusive, with regard to difficulties (access, language, services) and the length of time required to travel in a backpacker.
In 1990, there was only one state travel agency and any movement was controlled. Since then, Mongolia has opened up but tourism is young. Its development was supported by the European Union under the Tacis program (until 1999), and is now supported by Japan as the “person” of JICA (japanese international cooperation agency).
The Mongolian Ministry of Road, Transport and Tourism has set the following objectives this year:
– Conducting research on the environmental carrying capacity via tourist camps
– Developing tourism attractiveness through foreign direct investment
– Develop new tourism products and destinations
– Encourage the development of the carrying capacity of tourism services
– Take measures to increase international transport
– Conduct marketing and statistical studies
– Take more active measures in terms of promotion of tourism Mongolia on international markets, and increase the number of foreign tourists
– Improve transport capacity
To follow the evolution of the sector, visit the website of the Mongolian Ministry of Tourism