Habitat has not changed since ancient times; the yurt is the culmination of the nomadic house, mountable in less than an hour and weighing only in the 200 kg. Its circular shape allows it to withstand the most violent winds despite the absence of fixed points on the ground.
With only two openings (a door, a smoke hole), without a window, it retains very well the heat during the freezing winters. And when the summer comes, you lift your skirts … that is to say that one wraps its layers of felt upwards, leaving visible and in the air the base of the dwelling.
Everything is symbolic in a yurt .
The door is always oriented towards the south, through which the sun and friends enter.
To the north, the most sacred part, the altar carrying pictures of families, images of Genghis Khan, the Dalai Lama, other precious objects.
To the east, the feminine part, that of the conjugal bed, the kitchen, and the domestic life.
In the west, the masculine part, that of objects such as the saddle or the gun, that of social life.
The center is the place of the home in an inalienable way. The two pillars surrounding it refer to symbolic shamans.
Links between heaven and earth, between the world below, evil, the median world, that of men, and the heavenly world, that of spirits.
It thus seems obvious that the visitor refers to the same symbols. It is desirable to return with your right foot without knocking the threshold (which would be tantamount to hitting your host at the head and insulting the spirit of the fireplace) and sitting near the door on the left side if no one else tells you thing. It is also essential to accept what you are offered (always with your right hand or with both hands, palms turned upwards and wrists covered); taste it, or at least pretend to offend no one. The Mongols are very attached to their traditions of welcome and hospitality.